This week's blog post features a quick BTS video where we take you on a quick tour of an interview lighting setup. When it comes to lighting, it's all about being able to harness and control those light beams. Sometimes that means removing light if there's too much, and one way to do that is to use garbage bags! Once we covered the windows with the solid black bags, we had the room in almost complete darkness. We were then able to use our studio lights and add only as much light as we needed to get the look we were going for. We also make mention of a couple other pointers when it comes to shooting in general, so be sure to check out the video to get a glimpse of what goes into shooting.
Here at BiteSite, we have just launched a training course that teaches you how to record high quality, professional looking videos using just your cellphone.
You've surely recorded videos on your phone before, perhaps for a social media post or to share life experiences with friends. Well, if you've ever wondered how to take it a step further and shoot a video that stands out among the typical spontaneous phone recordings, look no further. In this video course we'll not only go over shooting techniques that would improve those quick video recordings, but also tips and tools that will enable you to shoot and edit together a video that tells a story, sells a product, promotes an event, or serves any other purpose your video may have.
This training should give you the ability to produce video content that is suitable to be placed on your business' website or social media, and generally will fit right in to the corporate video space. The goal of our course is to give you the foundation that allows you to create videos that look and sound great, no matter the type of video.
This is all possible because of the quality of the modern day phone camera. Even with a slightly outdated phone, you're likely able to record video that, given the right techniques and conditions, can be almost indistinguishable from videos shot on a more expensive dedicated camera such as a DSLR camera. Of course, there are also reasons you might choose to invest in a more expensive camera, namely the creative flexibility they offer, and yes, the added quality. The thing about phone cameras though, is that virtually everyone has one and they can indeed get the job done!
As a video company, we've definitely had many a person approach us with the question "Can I shoot my own videos, maybe with my phone?" Well, we're happy and very excited to provide that answer in the form of this course!
You can check the course out here on our site at www.bitesite.ca/mobile-video-course
Creating a one minute video requires six hours to shoot? And what about time spent planning the video before you shoot? What about time spent editing the video once shooting is complete? Well, for our productions at BiteSite, it all adds up to a whole bunch of time (certainly more than six hours) spent creating final videos that can amount to under one minute in length. It can start to sound like overkill, but it's all worth it in the end if you're looking for a professional, glossy video that serves it's purpose. Before we dive into the time breakdown for what a shooting day can look like, let's just see why scripted videos take so long to shoot generally.
Video production has a reputation for being a time hog, and that is in no small part to the type of video we call "scripted videos". Scripted videos encompass any type of video where shots need to be planned ahead of time (with scripts and storyboards) and then shot very carefully to match those plans. This greatly affects the type of shooting that takes place. You can't just run around with a camera taking shots of anything you please and trusting it will all turn out right in the end like you might if you were covering an event or shooting a wedding. Rather, each and every shot needs to be executed correctly, which often involves a lot of moving parts (camera gear, lighting, actors, set design etc.) and that generally requires a lot more time than just having a light plan in place and hitting record on the camera. If you ever go behind the scenes of any scripted video, perhaps seeing the set for a feature length production, you'll find that the days often start early in the morning and end late in the evening. That being said, the time and effort will vary greatly between different scripted videos depending on what the concept is and the budget that is available.
For our purposes here, we'll be taking a look at the time-breakdown for a shoot that lasted around six hours. So, let's get into it... what are all the activities involved on a shoot day and how long do they take?
Oh, and just a heads-up, we'll be breaking it down visually by cutting into a piece of delicious pie. If you really want to get your mouth watering, check out the video posted along with this article. The entire pie constitutes the entire time spent on the shooting day; the six hours. Each piece of pie will be a section of that shoot day.
First, let's cut out enough pie to cover all the time spent before we actually hit record on the camera. This time chunk begins by transferring all the video gear to the shooting location from the vehicle in which it was transferred. This might seem like a trivial task, but depending on how much gear you have, it can take some time! Not only do you have to walk it into the location, you also need to unpack and set everything up so it's ready to be placed and used for the first shot of the video.
After transferring and unpacking, the location will likely need to modified. For the shoot we're using as our use-case for this article, we shot in a restaurant. That being the case, we needed to move around a lot of tables and chairs to get the space looking proper. On shoots that are even more involved in the area of set design, there can be a dedicated person (set designer) who will take time to go around the set and either add or remove items in order to optimize the location for you video. That being said, having a dedicated person for set-design can actually save time by allowing others to focus on different tasks at the same time.
Once the gear is transferred, unpacked, and the location is set up, we typically take a quick moment to gather everyone involved and have a quick meeting. During this meeting the director will go over how the day is set to run so that everyone is on the same page.
Okay, that constitutes all the activities that are required before we actually tackle shooting the first shot. And just how long did those activities take? Approximately 1.5 hours, and that's a good chunk of pie.
The next step is to shoot all the shots of the video. For scripted videos, each shot will require setting up before the camera starts recording, and this is what takes the most amount of time. First, the camera is prepared (perhaps by changing lenses) and placed. Second, anything in the shot (actors, extras, props) needs to take their first positions. Third, lighting needs to be set up. Lighting often takes the most amount of time as it requires a lot of tweaking to get things looking just right. Now, keep in mind these steps need to be taken for every shot of the video. Take for a moment the viewpoint of the audience watching the final video... every time there is a cut to a new shot in the video, that shot required planning, thought, and execution in order to get it right.
Alright, so all that time spent setting up shots took us about 3 hours on the shoot in question, and that doesn't even include time spent actually recording footage on the camera. Our pie is tasting delicious by the way.
Before we get into much time is spent when the camera is actually recording, we'll jump to the end of the day and see how long tearing everything down takes. Tearing down involves packing everything back up and re-loading it into vehicles. For our shoot in question, this took us about one hour. If we remove that hour from the pie, we're left with the last remaining time-slot for the day: recording time, or all the time spent between "action!" and "cut!". Recording time was 30min. In pie time, 30 minutes looks like this:
That covers it! Every project is different, but hopefully this gives you some insight into how time is spent on a given shoot day when it comes to scripted videos. Stick around for more delicious content from BiteSite, and please, take that last piece of pie!
Video editing software? Free? High Quality? First time editing a video? Read on!
Video editing software these days is becoming more and more accessible. As technology inevitably improves, and the value of video becomes ever more apparent, the competition amongst editing softwares provides an accessible and valuable marketplace for the modern-day editor. Adobe's Premiere Pro and Apple's Final Cut Pro are hugely popular amongst filmmakers, but with DaVinci Resolve's somewhat recent foray into the editing world, a new giant is emerging.
Today, we'll be talking about DaVinci Resolve, offered by the company Blackmagic Design. Resolve started out as the go-to software for colour correction, but has now successfully made the leap into an all-around editing application, offering not only high end colouring capabilities, but also a robust suite of editing, audio, and special effects tools. Additionally, with all the updates accompanying its latest release (version 16), it is becoming an attractive option in comparison to other options.
Video Editing Is For You!
In this post, we're simply making the point that this software, or any video editing software for that matter, should be a relatively simple thing to pick up for the amateur video editor. While the learning curve can become steep the more you get into post-production, the basic editing functions that allow you to create a great looking video are just that: basic.
This idea of simplicity, combined with the fact that the Davinci Resolve software is free to download, makes it a great option for people looking to edit a video for the first time. The key is to not be scared away by working with a highly functioning app, and of course be prepared to put on your learning pants, if only for a moment.
For a brief overview of what the editing process might look like in DaVinci Resolve, check out the video posted along with this post.
Finally, the zero sum cost of this software warrants explanation. You're probably wondering, "what's the catch?" First off, there is a paid version of this software that offers a little more functionality, but you get at least 90% of the product in the free version; it's definitely not one of those apps that is greatly reduced in the free version.
Besides it somehow making business sense for Blackmagic Design (the explanation of which I'll leave to the business-minded to figure), Blackmagic just happens to be very passionate about making high-end video products accessible to the the average person. "Average person" in this case could refer to freelancers, hobbyists, indy filmmakers, or pretty much any filmmaker who doesn't identify as a large production studio that can purchase very expensive gear and software!
To prove this point, check out this quote from Blackmagic Design CEO, Grant Petty:
"Blackmagic Design is dedicated to allowing the highest quality video to be affordable to everyone, so the post production and television industry can become a truly creative industry." - Grant Petty, CEO, Blackmagic Design
There you have it. Blackmagic Design: great company.
It's All Possible
Of course, there are other options for editing applications out there. If you're really wanting to keep things as simple as possible, you can go as far as shooting and editing a video completely on your mobile device! On the other hand, if you're excited to jump into the art of video editing, we recommend Davinci Resolve as a great option. That being said, we do use Final Cut Pro at BiteSite for our video editing requirements, and use Davinci Resolve as our go-to colour correction and colour grading application. In the future, we may switch over to Resolve; it is certainly proving itself as a viable option. For anyone looking for free software, Resolve is the way to go.
Thanks for taking the time, and stay tuned for more!
Let's look at what's involved in creating a shot list for your videos. First off, just note that our shot list template is available for download here. We've used it ourselves in many of our productions. For some context on why you might want a shot list in the first place, and an overview of what it contains, read on!
Within the plethora of tasks to be completed when producing any video, a large portion of them fall within pre-production. The type and number of tasks depend on the type of video. For example, you won't need to write a word-for-word script if you're shooting a documentary, and you won't need storyboards if you're only create an event coverage video. In that same vein, while shot lists can be useful for a variety of video types, they are best-suited for scripted videos. Scripted videos often rely on specific shots to be taken so that everything plays back logically in the edit. Given this rigid nature of scripted videos, a shot list becomes an effective tool for two main reasons...
Why Have A Shot List?
Firstly, you want a shot list in order to make clear all the logistical details that relate to capturing each shot. Going through the process of filling out the template ensures that you're considering ahead of time everything you might need and won't get stuck on a shoot day realizing you failed to consider something necessary to make the shoot successful (eg. missing a prop, piece of gear, or even forgetting to capture a shot itself).
Secondly, shot lists can be useful on the shoot day. As we'll mention below, timing is one of the ways that a shot list is most helpful. On the shoot day, your pre-planned timing for each shot should guide how long things take and will help to keep the shoot on a timed schedule. As with many shoots, not capturing everything in the planned time-slot could lead to issues such as increased financial cost, unhappy crew, and other unnecessary headaches.
Order, Number, Scene, and Description
So, let's start with the first four columns of our shot list template: Shot Order, Shot Number, Scene, and Shot Description. - Shot order refers to the order in which you plan to shoot the shots on the shoot day. - Shot number refers to the number a shot will actually take in the plot of the video. - Scene refers to any defined scenes in your script, and may be left out if your video script does not specify separate scenes. If you do have scenes, organizing shots by scene can sometimes be useful to make the shoot day seem more logical, as you're tackling each scene in one window of time, rather than jumping all around in the script and potentially confusing actors, crew, and yourself! - Description is just a brief reminder to let you know what the shot actually is.
Timing is perhaps the most useful part of the shot list. In planning the shoot, filling in the time columns allows you to estimate how long a shoot will take, allowing you to plan, schedule, and coordinate accordingly. On the shoot day itself, the time columns will be a useful reference to let you know whether you're on track and not heading towards a longer than planned shoot. Off-schedule shoots can lead to potential issues such as missing out on daylight, losing access to locations, or increased financial costs.
When it comes to Shot Duration, Start Time, and End Time, they can all be completed in such a way that it becomes incredibly efficient and easy to fill out and also tweak as you make changes after the fact. The secret to the timing columns lies in using equations that auto-fill "start time" and "end time", allowing you to input your own "shot duration" times and have the rest update automatically. Accomplishing this requires that you're using a spreadsheet application such as excel or google sheets. Fill out the columns as follows:
- each of the three time columns must use a consistent time format that is recognized by the software. We used 00:00:00 AM/PM
- Shot Duration will always be determined by you, with no equation being used
- Shot End Time is simply the Shot Start time plus the Shot Duration time (the very first "shot start time" is determined by you)
- Every additional Shot Start time simply equals the previous Shot End time.
For a visual of the equations, see below:
The remaining columns of Frame, Lens, Motion etc. complete the rest of the shot list. These columns pretty much take care of any additional information that must be known in order to shoot the shots. In the planning stages, filling out these columns is an exercise in diligence, making sure you have everything in order for the shoot. On the shoot day itself, these detail columns also become useful. Rather than needing to think back to the script and imagine what the framing should be or whether it's a motion shot or not, simply refer to the shot list and have that information literally at your fingertips.
Preparation + Execution = Desired Result
With scripted videos, the end result is directly related to the preparation you put into the shoot. A shot list is a fundamental tool to get things in order in the planning stages. Again, you can download our shot list template here